Jehovah's Witnesses leaders supported Hitler and the Nazi regime.

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Letter to the Chancellor of Reich

 

The Jehovah’s Witnesses were persecuted by the Nazi regime because of their so-called bond with the Jews, the Masons and the Communists, because of their refusal to vote, to take the weapons, to do the Hitler salute, and of their proselytism considered being subversive. They first of all tried in1933 to adapt with Hitler, Chancellor of Reich, who completely thereafter prohibits the Jehovah’s Witnesses worship. At the beginning of 1934 and particularly from October of that year, the movement entered logic of combat against the Nazis by means of the printed sheet.

 

James PENTON in Apocalypse Delayed reports that in June 1933 the persons in charge of the Watchtower tried to charm the Nazi regime by the affirmation of their honesty towards the principles of the National Socialist government and by anti-Semitic declarations in a Declaration of Facts. This declaration written by Joseph Rutherford, president of the Jehovah’s Witnesses, was sent to Hitler accompanied by a handwritten letter written by the German leader of the Jehovah’s Witnesses of the time, Paul Balzereit.

 

Evidence of the authenticity of the declaration as well as the letter.

 

The seat of the Jehovah Witnesses does not dispute the authenticity of this letter and affirms that it was written by the local German leader of the Students of the Bible at the time. The declaration was officially published by the movement in the 1934 Yearbook. The movement insists on the fact that the essence of its contents is not a standpoint in favor of the Nazi regime, but an affirmation that the movement was rigorously apolitical and religious, with Christian values that Hitler, raised in the Catholic religion, claimed to share in the beginning of his regime.

 

With regards to the anti-Semitism however, Joseph Franklin Rutherford wrote in 1937, in Ennemies (p. 281): “Among the instruments that she (the “prostitute of Babylon”) uses, there are extremely egotistical men called “Jews” that have interest only for the lure of gain.”

 

The letter Jehovah's Witnesses sent to Hitler:

 

WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY

 

GENERAL OFFICES 117, Adams Street BROOKLYN NEW YORK, USA

 

GERMAN BRANCH Wachtturmstr. 1-19 MAGDEBURG C.C.P. Magdeburg 4042

 

Dear Reichskanzler,

 

on June 25, 1933, at the Sporthalle Wilmersdorf in Berlin there was a conference of appx. 5,000 Bible Researchers (Jehovah's Witnesses), representing several millions of Germans who are friends and followers of this movements for many years. Purpose of this conference, which was attended by representatives of all bible students communities of Germany, was to find ways and means to inform the Reichskanzler, as well as other high officials of the German Reich and the governments of its individual countries of the following:

 

In several parts of the country, actions were taken against a corporation of serious Christian men and women who are standing on the foundation of positive Christianity. Such actions can only described as the persecution of Christians by other Christians, since the accusations - which have led to these actions against us - primarily are of clerical, especially catholic origin and untrue.

 

We are absolutely convinced of the impartiality of the government officials dealing with this situation. Yet we conclude that the contents of our literature and the purpose of our movement are largely misinterpreted due to the accusations which are brought up against us by our religious opposers and which might result in a prejudiced viewpoint. This might also be due to the amount of our literature and the high demand put upon the respective officials.

 

For this reason the things discussed at the conference were put down as a declaration of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, in order to pro vide you, Mr. Reichskanzler, as well as the high officials of the German Reich and its countries, with a document of the fact that the Bible Re searchers of Germany only have one goal in their work, namely to lead people back to God and to be witnesses of the Name of Jehovah, the most high, the father of our Lord and redeemer Jesus Christ.

 

We are convinced that you, Mr. Reichskanzler, will not have such activities disturbed. The communities of the Bible Researchers of Germany and their members are generally known as defenders of respect of the Most High and zealous students of the bible. Local police officials will need to testify to the fact that Bible Researchers have to be counted among elements of the country and ist people who are known for their love and support of oder. There sole mission is to draw the hearts of humans to God.

 

The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society (located in Magdeburg/Germany) is the organizing center of the mission of the Bible Researchers.

 

The Brooklyn headquarter of the Watchtower Society is pro German in an exemplary way and has been so for many years. For that reason, in 1918, the president of the Society and seven members of the board of directors were sentenced to 80 years in prison, because the president refused to use two of the magazines published in America under his direction for war propaganda against Germany. These two magazines, "The Watchtower" and "Bible Student" were the only magazines in America which refused to engage in anti-German propaganda and for that reason were prohibited and suppressed in America during the war.

 

In the very same manner, in course of the recent months the board of directors of our Society not only refused to engage in propaganda against Germany, but has even taken a position against it. The enclosed declaration underlines this fact and emphasizes that the people leading in such propaganda (Jewish businessmen and catholics) also are the most rigorous persecutors of the work of our Society and ist board of directors. This and other statements of the declaration are meant to re pudiate the slanderous accusation, that Bible Researchers are supported by the Jews. The conference of five thousand delegates received the statement of the governor in Magdeburg with great satisfaction, who declared that it can not be proven that there is any relationship between the Bible Researchers and Communists or Marxists, as it was stated by our religious opposers (which means that such a statement is also nothing but slander). A press report in the Magdeburger Tageszeitung, issue 104, dated May 5, 1933, reads as follows: A declaration of the government concerning the occupation of the Bible Researcher building: The press department of the government issued the following information: "Occupation of the property of the Society of Serious Bible Researchers" in Magdeburg was lifted on April 29, since no material to support the claim of communist activities could be found." Another report in the Magdeburger Tageszeitung, issue 102, dated May 3, 199, reads: The office of the Bible Researchers Society informed us that the actions taken against the Watchtower Society and the Bible Researchers Society, were abolished. All property was returned, since a comprehensive search led to the result that nothing can be held against this Society neither as far as political nor as criminal activities are concerned. It was also concluded that both Societies are of an absolutely un-political and strictly religious nature. On request, the government confirmed the correctness of these statements. The conference of five thousand delegates emphasized that according to this state of affairs it considered it beneath ist dignity to even defend itself against any disparaging accusations of Marxist or even Communist activites. Such disproved slander of our religious opposers undoubtedly carry the sign of religious competition. Their goal is to stifle an honest warner with the ugly means of slander instead of using the word of God. The conference of five thousand delegates also noted - as is expressed in the declaration - that the Bible Researchers of Germany are fighting for the very same high ethical goals and ideals which also the national government of the German Reich proclaimed respecting the relationship of humans to God, namels: honesty of the created being towards its creator. The conference came to the conclusion that there are no contradictions when it comes to the relationship between the Bible Researchers of Germany to the national government of the German Reich. To the contrary, referring to the purely religious and unpolitical goals and efforts of the Bible Researchers, it can be said that these are in full agreement with the identical goals of the national government of the German Reich. Based upon the supposedly strong language of our literature, some of our books were banned. The conference of the five thousand delegates pointed to the fact that the contents of the books which were criticized, only refers to the situation and actions within the Anglo-American world power - especially England - which is responsible for the League of Nations and its contracts and burdons imposed upon Germany. What is written in our literature - no matter whether from a financial or political point of view - is only directed towards the suppressors of the German people and their country, but by no means refers to Germany itself, which is trying hard to fight against the imposed burdens. Therefore the ban imposed upon these books is completely unjustified. In some parts of the country Bible Researchers are even prohibited to meet for prayer and church service and for many weeks are hoping for a solution of this situation which is stifling their religious lives. The follow ing was expressed about this situation: We want to continue to live up to the prohibition imposed upon us, for we are confident that Mr. Reichskanzler and the high government officials will lift this ban - which forces tens of thousands of Christian men and women to a martyrdom which can only be compared to that of the first Christians - after they have gained an understanding of the real situation. Finally, the conference of the five thousand delegates expressed that both Bible Researchers and Watchtower Organization stand for keeping up order and security within the state, as well as furthering the primary high ideals of the national government in the field of religion. The afore mentioned, as well as the enclosed declaration are meant as a brief information directed to both Mr. Reichskanzler as leader of the people and all the other high government officials of the German Reich.

The enclosed declaration was read by the secretary to the five thousand delegates of the conference of the Bible Researchers. It was approved unanimously and it was decided to present one copy each together with this report of the conference to Mr. Reichskanzler and all the other high government officials of the Reich and its countries.

This we want to do herewith and ask that the following request, which is also stated in the declaration, will be received with favour:

Namely that a commission from our midst is given the chance to person ally explain the true situation either to Mr. Reichskanzler himself or to the minister of internal affairs. Alternatively, we ask Mr. Reichskanzler to appoint a commission of men who do not have any religious prejudice against us - men who do not have professional religious interests but are solely interested to comply to the just principles as they were set up by the Reichskanzler himself - to investigate our situation impartially. The principles mentioned, refer to paragraph 24 of the program of the National Socialistic German Party of Workers, which reads:

"We demand the freedom of all religious denominations within the state, as far as they do not endanger the state itself or violate the moral values of the German race.

The party as such represents the viewpoint of positive Christianity without being attached to any particular denomination. It fights against the Jewish-materialistic spirit inside and outside of us and is convinced that any recovery of the German people can only take place from the inside out."

We are fully convinced that, once we have been judged impartially, based firstly upon God's word and secondly upon the above mentioned paragraphs, the national government of Germany will find no reason to prevent us from our church services and missionary activities.

We are looking forward to your kind approval, which we hope to receive soon, and want to assure our highest respect to you, honorable Mr. Reichskanzler.

Yours faithfully

Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society Magdeburg

 

-The letter Jehovah's Witnesses sent to Hitler - page 1 (original in german)

-The letter Jehovah's Witnesses sent to Hitler - page 2 (original in german)

-The letter Jehovah's Witnesses sent to Hitler - page 3 (original in german)

 

According to “Free Minds Journal” the letter that accompanied the Declaration of Facts was an attempt to convince Hitler that the persons in charge of the Watch Tower supported the principles of its government (Vol.13, N°3 May/June 1994 p2)

See the Thousand-year-old Kingdom of God approached p8.

 

James PENTON, author of the Book “Apocalypse Delayed” specifies that in 1933 the persons in charge of the Watchtower tried to charm the Nazi regime by the affirmation of their honesty towards the principles of the National Socialist government and by anti-Semitic declarations. (p147). It also specifies that the directory of 1974 8 has without any doubt reason in supposing that Paul Balzereit (President at that time of the German branch of Magdeburg) or at least somebody of the branch wrote this letter to Hitler (p148).

The 1974 Yearbook claims that Balzereit was responsible for attempting to deal with the Nazis and that it could very well attenuate or to sweeten this Declaration (p111). But, according to James PENTON this declaration appears in the 1934 Yearbook of the Jehovah’s witnesses (American version) as an official Society and President’s document (p148 “Apocalypse Delayed”).

 

“Free Minds Journal” also specifies that it was published as an “Official document”, that the American leaders and in particular, Judge Rutherford were directly responsible for pure anti-Semitism and the will to deal against their principles of Christian neutrality (p3+ AD p 148)

 

We can find anti-Semitic remarks towards the Jews of the Anglo-American empire on page 34 of the 1934 Yearbook (American version). By the expression '“Such is exactly our position” the Society also decides against the racketeer oppressors. (p135). Then, it indicates that it supports the principles of the German government straightforwardly (p136) and, that the defended very high ideals, proclaimed by the national government are stated, endorsed and strongly underlined in its publications (p137). It also states that its literature, its work, instead of being a threat with the government principles, is the firmest defender of such high ideals (p138).

 

What can you say about these assertions, especially if one puts them in parallel with the following paragraphs extracted from the letter sent by the Jehovah’s Witnesses to Hitler in 1933:

“in regards to the objectives and the purely religious and apolitical efforts of the Bible Students- it should be said that those are in total agreement with the identical goals of the national Government of German Reich.”

“the Bible Students of Germany fight for the same moral goals, raised, that the national Government of German Reich proclaimed, concerning the relation of man with God, namely: the honesty of the creature towards its Creator!” whereas the 1974 Yearbook indicates on page 111 that the Declaration was a “protest against the government intervention of Hitler against the preaching carried out by the witnesses”

 

James PENTON clearly indicates in his book that by realizing that the Nazis had not been impressed but irritated by the Declaration of Facts, which started an immediate wave of persecution, that then and only then Rutherford, the Society and the Persons in charge of the German Jehovah’s Witnesses were opposed without compromise to the Nazi policy (p 149 Apocalypse Delayed). This point is included in “Free Minds Journal” on page 2 Flight 13 N°3 May/June 1994.

 

"Declaration of facts"

 

This is the Declaration of Facts that Jehovah's Witnesses today wish never existed, and that they also pretend does not exist. When we know that the JWs are represented in the Holocaust Museum, together with the Jews - we can surly wonder why the Jews does not protest most strongly by being presented together with JWs as "victims".

 

Declaration of Facts

 

 "This company of German people, who are peaceable and law-abiding citizens representing many others from every part of Germany, all of whom are earnestly laboring for the highest welfare of the people of this land, being now duly assembled at Berlin this 25th day of June, AD.. 1933, do joyfully declare our complete devotion to Jehovah, the Almighty God, and to his kingdom under Christ Jesus, whose shed blood bought the human race. We declare that the holy Scriptures set forth in the Bible constitute the Word of Jehovah God given to men for their guidance in righteousness, and that the Word of God is the truth, and that it is of greatest importance that man have a knowledge of his relationship to God. We ask to be judged by the standard of the Word of God. 

 

"Christ Jesus is Jehovah God's great Witness to the truth, and as his faithful and devoted followers we are, by His grace, witnesses to the truth. The purpose of this Declaration is that we may present a true and faithful witness before rulers and the people as to the name and purpose of Jehovah God and our relation thereto.

 

"We are wrongfully charged before the ruling powers of this government and before the people of this nation; and in order that the name of Jehovah God may be exalted in the minds of the people, and that his benevolent purposes be better understood and our position fairly placed before the government, we do respectfully ask the rulers of the nation and the people to give a fair and impartial consideration to the statement of facts here made.

 

 "The Scriptures plainly state that the chief opposer of Jehovah God and the greatest enemy of mankind is Satan the Devil whose name is also that of Serpent and Dragon. It is written in the Scriptures that Satan, who has long been the invisible ruler of this world, deceives and blinds the people to the truth in order that the light of and concerning Jehovah God and Christ Jesus may not shine into the minds of men. (2 Corinthians 4: 3,4) Frequently by fraud, subtility [sic]] and deception Satan has induced honest persons to war with each other, in order that he might turn them all away from God and destroy them. Above all things, the people need to know Jehovah God and his gracious provision for their general welfare.

 

 "By the term 'clergy', as used in our literature, reference is made to the class of professed religious teachers, priests and Jesuits who employ improper political means to accomplish their ends and pin forces even with those who deny God and the Lord Jesus Christ. That is the same class to whom Jesus referred as his persecutors. We have no criticism of any honest religious teacher.

 

 "When Jesus went to the Jews to tell them of the truth, it was the Jewish clergy, that is to say, the Pharisees and priests, that violently opposed him and persecuted him and caused him to be charged with all manner of crimes and offenses. They refused to hear the truth, and addressing them Jesus said: "Why do ye not understand my speech? even because ye cannot hear my word. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not.' (John 8: 43-45) Although the Pharisees and priests then claimed to represent Jehovah God Jesus told them that they were in fact the representatives of Satan the Devil.

 

"We have no fight with any persons or religious teachers, but we must call attention to the fact that it is generally those who claim to represent God and Christ Jesus who are in fact our persecutors and who misrepresent us before the governments and nations. As true followers of Christ Jesus we are to expect such opposition, and we mention it here in explanation of why we have been misrepresented before the rulers of this nation. To his faithful followers Jesus said: 'Remember the word I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they [the false religious teachers] have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my saying, they will keep yours also.' (John 15: 20) Furthermore, Jesus said that this same class of men would cause his true followers to be wrongfully charged before the ruling powers, his language being: 'But take heed to yourselves: for they [false religious teachers] shall deliver you up to councils [police power]; and in the synagogues ye shall be beaten; and ye shall be brought before rulers and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them.' (Mark 13: 9) This explains why Jehovah God now permits his faithful witnesses to be misrepresented and persecuted, namely, that those of a wrong spirit may identify themselves as opponents of God and thus bear witness against themselves. The same materialistic spirit that caused the persecution of Jesus Christ now exists and is back of the persecution of us his faithful followers.

 

"It is falsely charged by our enemies that we have received financial support for our work from the Jews. Nothing is farther from the truth. Up to this hour there never has been the slightest bit of money contributed to our work by Jews. We are the faithful followers of Christ Jesus and believe upon Him as the Savior of the world, whereas the Jews entirely reject Jesus Christ and emphatically deny that he is the Savior of the world sent of God for man's good. This of itself should be sufficient proof to show that we receive no support from Jews and that therefore the charges against us are maliciously false and could proceed only from Satan, our great enemy.

 

"The greatest and most oppressive empire on earth is the Anglo-American empire. By that is meant the British Empire, of which the United States of America forms a part. It has been the commercial Jews of the British-American empire that have built up and carried on Big Business as a means of exploiting and oppressing the peoples of many nations. This fact particularly applies to the cities of London and New York, the stronghold of Big Business. This fact is so manifest in America that there is a proverb concerning the city of New York which says: 'The Jews own it, the Irish Catholics rule it, and the Americans pay the bills.' We have no fight with any of these persons mentioned, but, as the witnesses for Jehovah and in obedience to his commandment set forth in the Scriptures, we are compelled to call attention to the truth concerning the same in order that the people may be enlightened concerning God and his purpose.

 

 Our Literature

 

 "It is said that our books and like literature, when circulated amongst the people, constitute a danger to the peace and safety of the nation. We are certain that this conclusion is due to the fact that our books and other literature have not been carefully examined by the rulers and hence are not properly understood. We respectfully call attention to the fact that these books and other literature were written originally in America and the language therein used has been adapted to the American style of plainness of speech and, when translated into German, the same appears to be harsh. We admit that the same truths might be stated in a less blunt and more pleasing phrase, and yet the language of these books follows closely the language of the Bible. 

 

"It should be borne in mind that in the British Empire and in America the common people have suffered and are now suffering greatly because of the misrule of Big Business and conscienceless politicians, which misrule has been and is supported by political religionists, and hence the þ writers of our books or literature have endeavored to employ plain language to convey to the people the proper thought or understanding. The language used, however, is not as strong or emphatic as that used by Jesus Christ in denouncing the oppressors and false teachers of his time.

 

"The present government of Germany has declared emphatically against Big Business oppressors and in opposition to the wrongful religious influence in the political affairs of the nation. Such is exactly our position; and we further state in our literature the reason for the existence of oppressive Big Business and the wrongful political religious influence, because the Holy Scriptures plainly declare that these oppressive instruments proceed from the Devil, and that the complete relief therefrom is God's kingdom under Christ. It is therefore impossible for our literature or our work to in any wise be a danger or a menace to the peace and safety of the state.

 

"Our organization is not political in any sense. We only insist on teaching the Word of Jehovah God to the people, and that without hindrance. We do not object or try to hinder anyone's teaching or believing what he desires, but we only ask the freedom to believe and teach what we conceive the bible to teach, and then let the people decide which they wish to believe. "To know Jehovah God and his gracious provision for mankind is of most vital importance to all persons, because God has declared in His Word that where there is no vision or understanding of his Word the people perish. (Proverbs 29: 18) We have devoted our lives and our material substance to the work of enabling the people to gain a vision or understanding of God's Word, and therefore it is impossible for our literature and our work to be a menace to the peace and safety of the nation. Instead of being against the principles advocated by the government of Germany, we stand squarely for such principles, and point out that Jehovah God through Christ Jesus will bring about the full realization of these principles and will give to the people peace and prosperity and the greatest desire of every honest heart. 

 

"Our organization seeks neither money nor members, but we are a company or organized body of Christian people engaged solely in the benevolent work of teaching the Word of God to the people at the least possible cost to them. Our organization was originally incorporated in the United States of America in 1884 under the name of the WATCH TOWER BIBLE 15r TRACT SOCIETY, and in 1914 incorporated under the laws of Great Britain by the name of the INTERNATIONAL BIBLE STUDENTS ASSOCIATION. These are merely the corporate names of our organization for legally carrying forward its work. The Scriptural name by which we are known is 'Jehovah's witnesses'. We are engaged solely in a benevolent work. The purpose of our organization is to aid the people to understand the Bible, which discloses the only possible way for the complete relief and blessing for mankind. Our organization has extended its work throughout the earth. The education, culture and upbuilding of the people must and will come through the agency of God's kingdom concerning which we teach as set forth in the Bible. The salvation of the people depends upon the true knowledge of and obedience to Jehovah God and his righteous ways. 

 

"The people are in great distress and in need of help to understand the reason for their unhappy condition and what is the means of relief. The Scriptures, when understood, make this matter clear. Instead of collecting money from the people and using the same to erect great buildings and to support men in luxury, we print the gospel message of God's kingdom and carry it to the homes of the people that they may, at the least inconvenience to themselves, gain a knowledge of God's purposes concerning them.

 

"A careful examination of our books and literature will disclose the fact that the very high ideals held and promulgated by the present national government are set forth in and endorsed and strongly emphasized in our publications, and show that Jehovah God will see to it that these high ideals in due time will be attained by all persons who love righteousness and who obey the Most High. Instead, therefore, of our literature and our work's being a menace to the principles of the present government we are the strongest supporters of such high ideals. For this reason Satan, the enemy of all men who desire righteousness, has sought to misrepresent our work and prevent us from carrying it on in this land.

 

"For many years our organization has put forth an unselfish and persistent effort to do good to the people. Our American brethren have greatly assisted in the work in Germany, and with money freely contributed, and that at a time when all Germany was in dire distress. Now because it appears that Germany may soon be free from oppression and that the people may be lifted up, Satan, the great enemy, puts forth his endeavours to destroy that benevolent work in this land. 

 

League of Nations

 

 "The language in our books or literature concerning the League of Nations has been seized upon as a reason for prohibiting our work and the distribution of our books. Let us remind the government and the people of Germany that it was the League of Nations compact that laid upon the shoulders of the German people the great unjust and unbearable burdens. That League of Nations compact was not brought forth by the friends of Germany. In America at one time the public press announced that 140,000 clergymen had set aside a certain period of time in which a concerted movement was to be made, and which was made, to induce the American people to fully endorse the League of Nations. It was the Federation of Churches in America that issued a manifesto stating that the 'League of Nations is the political expression of God's kingdom on earth', and which by them was substituted in the place and stead of God's kingdom under Christ. It was in America that our organization under the visible leadership of its president pointed out emphatically that the League of Nations is not an institution of Jehovah God, because it is oppressive and unfair. It was that condition, existing at the time, which called forth language that appears in our books concerning the League of Nations and also calling attention to the fact that such League of Nations compact can never bring about the relief and blessing of the people, because such relief and blessing can come by adhering strictly to the principles laid down in God's Word and in the manner which Jehovah has pointed out. 

 

"For almost half a century our strictly Christian organization has carried on its work in various parts of the earth. Its books are published in more than 50 languages, and upward of 140 million of these books are in the hands of the people. For more than thirty years our books and literature have been distributed throughout Germany, and millions of these are now in the hands of the German people and are read by the people, all of whom will bear testimony to the fact that these books, based strictly on the Bible, are of great help to them and upbuild them and give them hope for a realization of the blessings which Jehovah God long ago promised. In all these years of our work, and in the wide distribution of our books and literature, not one instance can be truthfully cited wherein our work or literature has been a menace to the government or has in any wise endangered the peace and safety of the nations.

 

 "The endeavors of our organization being exclusively confined to bearing testimony to the name and Word of Jehovah God, it would be entirely inconsistent for us to attempt to exert any political influence in the governments of this world or to do anything that would endanger the peace and safety of the nation. We have no desire nor inclination to do anything except to carry out our divinely given commission to proclaim the Word of Jehovah God.

 

 "In America, Canada and other parts of the British Empire the political clergy, priests and Jesuits have persistently persecuted and continue to persecute those of our organization, and without just cause or excuse; and we have every reason to believe that a like influence has been subtilly [sic] employed by the great enemy Satan to misrepresent us and our work in Germany. We remind you that in the years past the political clergymen have brought more sorrow upon the German people than probably any other class of men. We have no desire to fight with the clergymen, but we do ask that the ruling powers of the nation judge us not by the misrepresentation of such men, but that we be judged according to the Word of God and the work we are doing consistent therewith. Jehovah God persecutes no one, but permits each one to choose his own course, holding him responsible for his acts according to knowledge. Jehovah God has emphatically expressed his anger against those who do persecute others who are trying to serve him; and this proves that those who persecute us do not represent God, but that they are incited so to do by the enemy of God and man. Psalm 72:4

 

Great Truths

 

"The Holy Scriptures, viewed in the light of present-day events which are in fulfilment of divine prophecy, disclose that: The time has arrived when Jehovah will make his name known to all creation and vindicate his name and clear it from the defamation which Satan has placed against that holy name. (Psalm 83: 18) When Jesus Christ, the Vindicator, ascended into heaven Jehovah commanded him to wait until his due time to put the enemy down. That period of waiting has now come to an end and God has sent forth his beloved Son to oust the enemy and rule in righteousness. (Psalm 110: 14; Hebrews 10: 12,13) The world, or uninterrupted rule, of Satan has ended, and this began to be evidenced by the World War in 1914, and since then until now is the time when the gospel of the Kingdom must be told to the people. (Matthew 24: 3,14) Satan has now been cast out of heaven and down to the earth and now confines his operations to the earth in an endeavor to blind the people to the truth and destroy them, and that is the reason for the present-day sufferings of humanity. The prophetic words of Jesus now apply: 'Woe to the inhabiters [the rulers] of the earth, and of the sea [the people in general]! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time. Revelation 12: 12. 

 

"The people of Germany have suffered great misery since 1914 and have been the victims of much injustice practiced upon them by others. The nationalists have declared themselves against all such unrighteousness and announced that 'Our relationship to God is high and holy'. Since our organization fully endorses these righteous principles and is engaged solely in carrying forth the work of enlightening the people concerning the Word of Jehovah God, Satan by subtilty [sic] endeavors to set the government against our work and destroy it because we magnify the importance of knowing and serving God. Instead of our organization's being a menace to the peace and safety of the government, it is the one organization standing for the peace and safety of this land . 

 

We beg to remind all that the great crisis is upon the world because the transition period from bad to good is at hand, and the hope of the world is God's kingdom under Christ, for which Jesus taught his followers to constantly pray: 'Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth, as it is done in heaven.' 

 

"The power of Jehovah God is supreme and there is no power that can successfully resist him. His time to exercise his power in the interest of humanity and to the vindication of his great name is here. In this connection we respectfully call attention to the admonition and warning of Jehovah God, both to the rulers and to the people, which applies to this very hour, wherein he says: "Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.... Be wise now, therefor, O ye kings; be instructed, ye judges of the earth. Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him. Psalm 2: 6, 10-12. 

 

'"The present government having declared adherence to the aforementioned high ideals, we are persuaded that the rulers do not desire to knowingly resist the progressive witness work to the name of Jehovah God and his kingdom which we are now carrying forward. If our work is merely that of men, it will fall of its own weight. If it is of Jehovah God and being carried forward in obedience to his commandment, then to resist it means to fight against God. Acts 5: 39. 

 

We therefore appeal to the high sense of justice of the government and nation and respectfully ask that the order of prohibition against our work and our literature be set aside, and the opportunity be given us to have a fair hearing before we are judged. We respectfully ask that the government appoint a committee of impartial men to hold conference with a committee of our organization and that a fair and impartial examination of our literature and our work be made, to the end that all misunderstanding may be removed and that we may without hindrance obey Jehovah God's commandment now applying to us, to wit: 'Go through, go through the gates; prepare ye the way of the people; cast up the highway; gather out the stones; lift up a standard for the people. Isaiah 62: 10. 

 

"The peoples of Germany are a God-fearing people and should not be deprived of an opportunity to learn of Jehovah God and of his gracious provision to bring lasting peace, prosperity, liberty and everlasting life on earth to all those who know and obey him. Let all who love God work together to the honor and vindication of his name. All who take a contrary course must take responsibility before God; but as for us we will serve Jehovah forever. 

 

"RESOLVED, That copies of this Declaration be respectfully delivered to high officials of the government and that the same be given wide publication to the people, that the name of Jehovah may be further known."

 

-The declaration of facts, Berlin 1933 - page 1 (original in german)

-The declaration of facts, Berlin 1933 - page 2 (original in german)

-The declaration of facts, Berlin 1933 - page 3 (original in german)

-The declaration of facts, Berlin 1933 - page 4 (original in german)

 

 

The Declaration of Facts, introduction - Yearbook of JW 1934

 

Year Book 1934 Pages 127-140..." GERMANY. For more than a quarter of a century the Society has carried forward its work in the land ofGermany. During the World War little or no activity was possible, to be sure; and after the war the Society had. Year Book 1934 starting at Page 128...

 

practically nothing in Germany. Shortly after the World War there was a large amount of money sent by American citizens though the home office in Brooklyn to Germany for the purpose of investing in real estate and in machinery to carry on the work of preaching the 'gospel of God's kingdom' in that land. Thereafter and until the year 1933 there was a constant increase in the progress of the work. Thousands of people gave testimony to having received much joy and consolation.

 

In the spring of 1933, political conditions underwent a great change in Germany. The opinion is here ventured that the harshness of the Treaty of Versailles drove many good, honest people of Germany to desperation and they were ready and willing to do almost any kind of movement to free themselves from the burdens that the treaty placed upon them. There was a complete change in the administration in 1933, and Satan with his earthly agents, particularly from Rome, took advantage of the opportunity to do injury to the Lord's cause. We know, of course, that Jehovah could have prevented this, but manifestly he had not interfered, permitting those who are opposing him and his kingdom to fully and completely identify themselves on the side of Satan before Armageddon takes place. Bavaria is a Catholic country in particular. The persecution of Jehovah's witnesses began rigorously in Bavaria and within a few hours thereafter Catholic newspapers in the United States published statements gloating over the fact that the "Bible students" in Bavaria were being stopped. This is a circumstance showing that the order came from Rome and that the Papal hierarchy is really behind of the persecution of God's people in Germany. It has been easy for Gog, Satan's chief officer, to pull together his religious [Year Book 1934 Page 129] agents and endeavor the induce the political wing of the government to work against the proclamation of Jehovah's kingdom.

 

Early in April 1933, the police of Germany, under order, occupied the Society's property at Magdeburg and forbade the operation of the plant, closed it and scaled the machines, and a search began of all of its books, literature and correspondence. Every room in the premises was thoroughly searched, with the announced purpose of finding some evidence that the Society is against the state. A whole staff of officials was called in to do this work, and after a thorough and complete examination of everything on the premises absolutely nothing was found, and the property and its activities were released on the 28th day of April, 1933. Enemies have charged that the Society was engaged in communists activities and working in league with the communists and socialists to overthrow the government; but not one word of testimony was found in support of that. The government official making examination, after it was completed, remarked that nothing political nor any criminal evidence has been found by the searchers against the Society. On June 28, 1933, again the Society's property was seized and occupied and its printing plant closed by order of the government. This was done upon an order which states that it is in "a decree of the government for the protection of the people and the state, issued for the defense against violent actions that endanger the state". Not one word of testimony in truth and fact has been found to support this claim.

 

The Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society, incorporated under the laws of the United States, was legally admitted to Germany by proper legal authority in the [Year Book 1934 Page 130] year 1921. After being thus legally admitted as a corporation a large sum of money was spent in creating buildings, machinery, etc. The Society has always respected the laws of the German government and has never done anything that might be interpreted as being contrary to the same. The Society has never had any affiliation directly or indirectly with communists or any other political body. All of its literature shows positively that it is against such. The Society's work is devoted exclusively to teaching the Scriptures, and not at any time to anything political. A treaty exists between the United States and German governments, which treaty guarantees to American citizens the right to have and maintain property in Germany and to carry forward their work in harmony with German laws. The action of the German government has been directly in violation of this treaty. The State Department has acted together with the Society to have these violations removed. From June, 1933, to the first part of October the Society's property at Magdeburg was in possession of the state police and the machine were scaled and most of the 180 workers there were compelled to leave the premises. During that time the government police seized and carried away and burned over $25,000 worth of literature, books, booklets, paintings, Bibles and other material of the Society. The government has forbidden any meetings of the various companies of Jehovah's witnesses throughout Germany, seized and confiscated all the literature and completely stopped the distribution of the same.

 

In June, the president of the Society visited Germany to take some action to get the Society's property restored to our possession and to carry on to work, further. Knowing that the enemy has misrepresented [Year Book 1934 Page 131] the facts to the government, a Declaration of Facts was prepared, and on the 25th day of June, 1933, more than 7,000 of Jehovah's witnesses assembled at Berlin and unanimously adopted the resolution, millions of which were printed and distributed throughout Germany. That resolution is as follows, to with: ......"

 

--The rest is the same things as the Declaration of facts....

 

-The Declaration of Facts - Yearbook of JW 1934 - page 127.

-The Declaration of Facts - Yearbook of JW 1934 - page 128.

-The Declaration of Facts - Yearbook of JW 1934 - page 129.

-The Declaration of Facts - Yearbook of JW 1934 - page 130.

-The Declaration of Facts - Yearbook of JW 1934 - page 131.

-The Declaration of Facts - Yearbook of JW 1934 - page 132.

-The Declaration of Facts - Yearbook of JW 1934 - page 133.

-The Declaration of Facts - Yearbook of JW 1934 - page 134.

-The Declaration of Facts - Yearbook of JW 1934 - page 135.

-The Declaration of Facts - Yearbook of JW 1934 - page 136.

-The Declaration of Facts - Yearbook of JW 1934 - page 137.

-The Declaration of Facts - Yearbook of JW 1934 - page 138.

-The Declaration of Facts - Yearbook of JW 1934 - page 139.

 

 

The Declaration of Facts, Trost, October 1943

 

"Declaration

 

Every war brings countless misfortunes upon Mankind. Every war brings difficult moral dilemmas to thousands, yes, millions of people. This applies especially to this war, which has spared no corner of the earth and has been spread through the air, water and land. It is therefore inevitable that in such times, not only individuals, but also communities of every sort, unintentionally or deliberately are falsely suspected.

 

Even Jehovah's Witnesses have not been spared this fate. We have become made out to be a association, the object or activity of which is described as, "to undermine military discipline, especially to force or mislead conscripts into insubordination against military orders, neglect or refusal of duty, or becoming fugitives."

 

Such an opinion can only be put froward by someone who completely misunderstands the spirit and activity of our Society or who despite his better knowledge, malevolently distorts it.

 

We expressly state, that our association neither commands nor recommends, nor in any other way suggests, acting against military orders. Questions of that sort are dealt with neither by our congregations nor in the Society's published literature. We do not at all concern ourselves with such questions. We view our business to be solely that of rendering a witness to Jehovah God and to proclaim bible truth to all peoples. Hundreds of our members and fellow believers have performed their military duty and continue to do so.

 

We have at no time presumed and at no time shall do so, to view the performance of military duty, as laid down by your statutes, as an offence against the principles and aspirations of the association of Jehovah's Witnesses. We beseech all our members and fellow believers, in the proclamation of the message of God's Kingdom (Matthew 24:14), to confine themselves strictly to the proclamation of bible truth, and always to avoid giving grounds for misunderstanding, and certainly never to be able to be misunderstood as offering any incitement to insubordination against military orders.

 

 

Swiss Associaton of Jehovah's Witnesses

 

President: Ad. Gammenthaler Secretary: D. Wiedenmann

 

Berne, 15th September 1943. "

 

 

 

-The Declaration of Facts, Trost, October 1943. (Click).

 

Analysis of these events:

 

-Jehovah's Witnesses, Anti-semitism and the Third Reich. PDF.(Click).

 

Another analysis in french :

 

-Les Témoins de Jéhovah et les Nazis : la société Watchtower répond à ses détracteurs. PDF. (Click).

 

Jews
 
Reversal of Watch Tower
 
Until 1932, the Jehovah’s Witnesses organization affirmed that the Jews according to the flesh constituted the chosen people of God who would be raised and restored on the territory of Israel.


The book “Life”, published by J.F. Rutherford in 1929 (and that Watch Tower tried by all the means to make disappear from circulation, because of its attachment too branded for Zionism), declares it several times.


We will quote some extracts from them.

Page 66: “In spite of difficult tests of all kinds to which the Jews were subjected through the centuries, they were held separated and distinct from the other people. And that must be pointed out. That any Jew thus loses courage more than ever, since it knows now that the achievement of the promises made by the Lord God to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and the Jews via the prophets, is absolutely inescapable. The time approaches where the Jews will be able to recognize that the hard tests that they underwent were imposed to them for their good, and that it will be the same for all the other people for the ground which practice the faith of Abraham.”

Page 104: “If their inaccuracy towards Jehovah were the cause of their discredit, how could they be restored in the good graces of God? We still answer: By the faith as a God and his word, and by a whole obedience with its wills… He (God) will erase the memory of the inaccuracy of the descendants of Judah. The house of Judah will be delivered and restored in the divine favor.”


Page 115: “But by the voice of his prophets, the Eternal gave many other promises on which the Jew can base his faith and to have the certainty that the tribulations of Israel must take end at the time chosen by God and that Israel will be brought back in its own country to remain there forever.”

Page 134: “Can an unspecified Jew, aware of his race’s history and in particular of the relations between it and God, preserve the slightest doubt on the direction and range of the current deployment of activity in Palestine? The return of the Jews in this country, the construction of houses, roads and channels, the plantation of vines and trees and the general development of the earth are not other than the manifest signs of the achievement of prophecy.”

Page 150: “It is thus exactly at wanted time, namely in 1878, that the first return of the divine favor appeared towards the Jews. A while later, in Russia, Romania and Germany an era of violent persecutions began against them. The Lord undoubtedly allowed this new attack, in order to give the Jews the desire to return back to Palestine.”
 

In 1932, a “new light came however”.

 

The book “Jehovah’s Witnesses - Proclaimers of God's Kingdom” (1993) makes a comment in the chapter “They grow in the exact knowledge of the truth”.

 

Page 141: “The Bible Students knew quite well the many prophecies of restoration which had been made in ancient Israel by the prophets of God (quoted texts). Until 1932, they thought that these prophecies particularly applied to the Jews according to the flesh. So they believed that God would testify again in favor to Israel, while returning the Jews little by little to Palestine, in opening the eyes with the truth according to which Jesus is the Redeemer and the Messianic King, and while making use of them as intermediaries to exempt blessings with all the nations. Based on this comprehension of things, Brother Russell exposed in front of large Jewish audiences, in New York as in Europe, the topic “the Zionism in prophecy”; as for Brother Rutherford, in 1925, wrote the book Comfort for the Jews.  But little by little, it became obvious that what arrived to the Jews of Palestine was not the achievement of the great prophecies of restoration given by Jehovah. Desolation had arrived on Jerusalem in the 1st century because the Jews had rejected the Son of God, the Messiah that had been sent in the name of Jehovah (quoted texts). It appeared more and more clearly that as people, the Jews had not changed attitudes. They did not repent the ill deeds their ancestors had made. The return of some in Palestine was not justified by the love of god nor the desire to magnify its name by achieving its Word. It is what clearly explained the second volume of Justification, published in English in 1932 by Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society. The exactitude of this opinion was confirmed in 1949, when the State of Israel, recently made up as a nation and fatherland for the Jews, became member of the United Nations, showing thus that it did not place its confidence in Jehovah, but in the political nations of the world.”

 

This “new light” corresponded quite simply to a strategic “alignment” on certain current anti-Semites which prevailed in America at the same time (and which dated already from the end of the previous century).

 

But there was something more important: as the European Watch Tower bastion was in Germany and that Brooklyn wished to protect its goods there, this reversal of doctrines was convenient at the time when Hitler, confirmed anti-Semite, was about to take full power.

As the 1974 Jehovah’s Witnesses Yearbook underlines it: “(Before the assembly held in Berlin on June 25th, 1933), accompanied by Brother Knorr, Brother Rutherford had arrived a few days beforehand in Germany to see what could be done in order to protect the goods from the Society.”

In order to avoid presenting itself as a pro-Zionist organization that supported the return of the Jews in Palestine (wanted by God), the new light really fell at a good time!

 

Let us point out between brackets that the book “Proclaimers…” does not mention the book “Life” published in 1929, but referred only to “Justification” of 1932 (it is also non-existent in the index at the end of the volume).

 

In 1934, Rutherford writes the booklet “Favored people”. A few months after the revelation of the new light, the tone of the Society completely changed with respect to the Jews.

 

We can be aware of it:

 

Page 4:  “If a man is a descendant of Judah, and has all the external traits Jews, but does not believe in a God and a Jesus-Christ, nor does he serve him, he is not a true Jew, and does not have the right to bear this name.”

 

Page 5: “The current men called Jews are tradesmen among whom are some of the richest men and most miserly that the world knew. Certain generals of the Great merchants are named Jews. Many are arrogant, proud and very selfish. Their faith in the Word of God is low or even zero, and they do not believe that Jesus-Christ is the Savior of mankind. It thus does not seem reasonable but God, when he starts to spread the blessings of the Kingdom on earth, will extend to such people his first favors. That is not in conformity with the Scriptures that show, on the contrary, that the current men called Jews will have a harder life during the reign of Christ than many people other nationalities.”

 

Page 9: “The Jewish nation training the chosen people of God, Jesus addressed its preaching to them and offered them the first occasion to belong to its Kingdom. But when they renounced Christ, God dispelled them, and since then, the Jews became the enemies of God, because of their blindness.”

 

(On page 5, let us point out the use of the expression “Great merchants” with capital letters, which corresponds to English “Big Business”. We will find this expression in the “Declaration of Facts” and in the written letter to Hitler).

 

In short and to be retained:

 

1)Years 1870 to 1932, therefore during a long period of approximately 60 years, the Society taught many biblical texts in support that the Jews, according to the flesh achieved biblical prophecies and would turn over to Palestine, according to the will of God.

 

2)From 1932, the Society accepted new revelations. The Jews did not achieve biblical prophecies. On the contrary, they were most arrogant, masters of trade, and selfish. They did not even deserve to be called Jew.

 

3)Most of the European Society goods were in Germany. They then had to be safeguarded.

 

4)The year that follows 1932 is that of the installation of Hitler to power.

 

Chronology of the history of the Jehovah’s Witnesses under the German Nazi.

 

1933

 

 January 30: Hitler becomes chancellor of Reich.

  February 27: Reichstag fire.

  February 28: Presidential decree Van Hindenburg declaring the state of emergency. Many political opponents to the regime are arrested.

  March 5: The Nazi party wins the last democratic elections.

  In March: The Jehovah’s Witnesses adopt a less internationalist name for their legal entity: Association of the German Bible Students of the North and Association of the German Bible Students of the South.

  April 7: The Nazis pass the law on “the restoration of the civil service”, consequently not being able to do the Nazi Salute, many Jehovah’s Witnesses lose their employment.

  From April 8 to 16: Testimony period for distribution of the Crisis booklet, two million specimens distributed.

  April 10: The land of Mecklenburg prohibits the Jehovah’s Witnesses.

  April 13: The land ofBavaria prohibits the Jehovah’s Witnesses

  April 18: The land of Saxony prohibits the Jehovah’s Witnesses.

  April 19: The land of Hesse prohibits the Jehovah’s Witnesses.

  April 24: Occupation of the head office of Magdeburg by SA and the police force.

  April 27: The Watchtower society asks the American department to intervene. What it does: Restitution of the property by the police force on April 29, and authorization granted to continue its activities in Prussia.

  May 15: The land of Baden prohibits the Jehovah’s Witnesses. The German Watchtower society publishes a focalizing in the Goldene Zeitalter of the day that declares that the Magdeburg buildings were well restored, that the police force had neglected the personnel, and that the German direction will always be opposed to “atrocious propaganda” on the conditions which reign in Germany. They deny having relations with Jews or freemasons, and post the political affiliation of two of their lawyers with the Nazi party. On the other hand, recognizing the political affiliation of its third lawyer to social democracy, it specifies well that it does not have any political bond with this trend. Finally they recall that the association’s activities have lost interest and make the most of it by pointing out the fundamental Jehovah’s Witnesses beliefs.

  May 17: The land of Oldenburg bans the Jehovah’s Witnesses.

  May 19: The land of Braunschweig bans the Jehovah’s Witnesses.

  June 9: Meeting of Gestapo with three Prussian ministries, two of Reich, and the representatives of the Roman Catholic Church and Protestant women for the banning of the Jehovah’s Witnesses in Berlin.

  June 6: The land of Lubeck bans the Jehovah’s Witnesses

  June 24: Prussia bans the Jehovah’s Witnesses.

  June 25: A Jehovah’s Witnesses assembly is held in Willmersdorf Tennis Hall of Berlin with between 5,000 and 7,000 participants. A Declaration of Facts is adopted with scruples by the assembly trying to find a compromise with Hitler: A kind of non-aggression pact is proposed to him. The Nazis will ignore this declaration as well as the Chancellor of Reich Letter that was also sent.

  June 28: The Nazis occupy the bethel of Magdeburg again. Bremen and Hamburg ban the Jehovah’s Witnesses. The leader Paul Balzereit flees in Czechoslovakia and hands over the reins of power to Martin Harbeck.

 From August 21 to 24: A total of 65,189 kilos of Jehovah’s Witnesses books, booklets and Bibles are burned within the doors of Magdeburg. The damage is estimated at 92,750 marks. The same also occurs in Cologne.

  August 28: Martin Harbeck, delegate for the president of the Jehovah’s Witnesses of Europe Joseph Franklin Rutherford, wrote to the German Jehovah’s Witnesses to obey the authorities, not to meet without authorization, nor to diffuse the prohibited Jehovah’s Witnesses writings. It seems to also claim that the German Witnesses will again have the occasion to take part in the justification of the name of Jehovah only once in the Kingdom of God.

 September 12: After multiple diplomatic negotiations, the American embassy of Berlin states that the properties of Magdeburg were restored with the Jehovah’s Witnesses . Nevertheless the Jehovah’s Witness associations remains banned and can no longer print writings. The restitution will be effective on October 7.

  September 29: Harbeck sends a petition to German president Von Hidenberg, to Hitler and to the minister-president of Prussia, where he declares that no Communist, nor any Jews are Bible Students, and salutes the National Socialist government because Hitler and his state claim Christianity. Two days later, he writes a letter to Hitler declaring that he does not understand why the Nazis forgot how the Roman Catholic Church was opposed to them, and explains that on the contrary the Bible Students have never criticized the National-Socialist State. Finally, in another letter addressed to the Nazis leader, he declares that “since the Jews never repented their treason to have crucified Christ, they will not have any more prominence among the nations.”

  November 1: Rutherford publishes the “do not fear them” article in the English Watchtower. The article will be reproduced in its German counterpart December 1 number.

 

1934

 

  February 9: Joseph Rutherford writes a letter to Adolf Hitler explaining that if it does not stop persecuting the Jehovah’s Witnesses , Rutherford was going to reveal these persecutions to the world.

  March 25: The Jehovah’s Witnesses of the Los Angeles surroundings adopt a protest against Hitler.

  April 1: The English Golden age number of this date is devoted to persecutions in Germany (June 1st for the German version).

  September 7-9: Assembly in Basle Switzerland. A thousand German Jehovah’s Witnesses are present, several were stopped in front, others just afterwards. Persecutions in Germany are denounced, as well as an adopted resolution. It is the occasion of a complete reorganization of the activities in Germany for an active and visible opposition.

 

1935

 

  April 1: The Watchtower Society is dissolved in Germany and the property of Magdeburg is confiscated once again. The persecution of the Jehovah’s Witnesses is now coordinated on the level of Reich and more of the länders. A while after, Paul Balzereit and several other officials of the German Watchtower society are arrested.

 

 

Sources :

 

http://www.bible.ca/jw-hitler.htm#declarationtrost1943

http://www.info-sectes.org/tj/hitler.htm

http://www.tj-encyclopedie.org/D%C3%A9claration_de_faits_et_lettre_au_Chancelier_du_Reich

http://www.tj-encyclopedie.org/Chronologie_de_l'histoire_des_T%C3%A9moins_de

 
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The false prophecy of 1914 : 607 or 587?
Debate : evolution or creation
Subliminal images
Human rights violations
Pedophilia
News
Miscellaneous
Watchtower and U.N. : 10 years relationship!
Refusal of blood transfusions
Book "Life", 1929, by J. F. Rutherford. Watchtower Bible & Tract Society.
Picture "Comfort my people" from the book "Life", page 4. 1929.
PEDOPHILIA: lawsuit against the Watchtower in Canada. Contacts :

Canada : http://www.higgertylaw.ca/

Quebec : https://www.classactions.ca/?p=44&lang=en

 

 

State atheism